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In evolutionary biology, a spandrel is a phenotypic characteristic that is a byproduct of the Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin brought the term into biology in their influential paper “The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme”. This defined the. “The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist “Spandrels” was originally written in , and that year Gould delivered it as a talk to the Royal Society. Gould had visited St. Mark’s Cathedral . Stephen Jay Gould & Richard Lewontin’s article “The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the.

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Lewontin and published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London in Their critique of their own field of evolutionary biology spilled out of the Ivory Tower onto the pages of general intellectual forums such as gouod New York Review of Books. Gould died in but his coauthor is still active. Lewontin is a population geneticist by training and pioneered the method of gel electrophoresis among many other accomplishments.

His academic books include The Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Changewhich I eagerly read as a graduate student. His biological books for the general public include The Triple Helix: In his role as social critic and theorist, his books include Biology Under the Influence: Kamin and Steven Rose; Finally, Lewontin has served as a mentor for many PhD and postdoctoral students, in philosophy in addition to biology, including my longstanding philosophical collaborator Elliott Sober.

I talked by phone with Lewontin on March 2 jarco In his mid-eighties, he is still scientifically active and could recall his collaboration with Gould in detail.

Humility is a goyld virtue but it is also a secular virtue and a scientific virtue.

The Spandrels Of San Marco Revisited: An Interview With Richard C. Lewontin

I am interested among other things in ssn history. To get started, you are one of the preeminent evolutionary biologists of our time—many achievements. In you felt the need to write this article with Stephen Jay Gould that became a classic. I wonder if spandres could tell me—what were the circumstances that moved you and Steve Gould to write this article? Sure, I can give it to you in detail. I was invited by, I think it was the Royal Society, to come and give a lecture.

So I asked if it would be alright if I asked Steve Gould if he would go in my place—Steve and I were teaching evolution together—and they spandrel sure. So Steve went and he gave a talk from the standpoint of what interested him at the time, which was the notion that some traits arise simply as a structural byproduct of selection on other traits, and he chose to call them spandrels.

Now I should warn you about my prejudices. Spwndrels and I taught evolution together for years and in a sense we struggled in class constantly because Steve, in my view, was preoccupied with the desire to be considered a very original and great evolutionary theorist.

The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm

So he would exaggerate and even caricature certain features, which are true but not the way you want to present them. For example, punctuated equilibrium, one of his favorites. He would go to the blackboard and show a trait rising gradually and then becoming completely flat for a while with no change at all, and then rising quickly and then completely flat, etc.

Steve and I had that kind of struggle constantly. He would fasten on a particular interesting aspect of spandrles evolutionary process and spaandrels make it into a kind of rigid, goulv vacuous rule, because—now I have to say that this is my view—I have no demonstration of it—that Steve was really preoccupied by becoming a famous evolutionist.

Well, I made a lesser contribution than he did. Most of the Spandrels paper was written by Steve. There is a section in there, which one can easily pick out, where I discuss the various factors and forces of evolution…. To what extent was this paper motivated, either for you spandeels Steve, by Sociobiology?

Sociobiology was certainly contextually relevant. I think we would have written exactly the same paper if Sociobiology had never come into existence. That is, as you are aware, a very common phenomenon in writing about and teaching evolution. For example, why is blood red? It was really not Sociobiology itself, but a tendency ssn try to find, in every instance, some selective advantage for things.

Spandrel (biology) – Wikipedia

We were teaching the students—and Steve was not as keen on that as I was—that there are a whole variety of forces that give rise to observed traits and they are not all directly selected for. This interests me very much. Then the inquiry can go in a direction where you decide—as with the color of blood, by the way, an example that I use myself—that this is probably not an adaptation.

You can arrive at the truth of the matter. But thinking in adaptationist terms is part of the process. I think the right way is to start with the sentence: Then, as either a philosopher or biologist, ask in a particular case what is the direct evidence, besides the desire that we want to find something, that a particular story is true or not true.

I think the admission of necessary ignorance of historically remote things is the first rule of intellectual honesty in evolution. Thank you for saying that so clearly. At the same time, sometimes the past can be inferred with amazing certainty.

All the historical sciences are like that, right? There is the humility again that began our conversation. Although I have to say that it was the lack of humility, in part, that caused the Spandrels article to become so widely read.

Steve Gould the showman put that on center stage and it became a three ring circus for a long time, as you know. The adaptation wars and all that.

I was raised not as an evolutionist but as a population geneticist. Why is that a big difference? I tend to see it as a small difference. A population geneticist by theoretical training has certain parameters of population change. Our job as population geneticists is to do the necessary observations of the various things that give us estimates of the strength of those different forces.

Now, historically one of the most interesting—now I want to talk a little about the sociology of our science—Theodosius Dobzhansky, my professor and then greatest living evolutionary biologist….

He was a very bad field observer. Theodosius Dobzhansky never, in his entire life, nor any of his students, me included—I would go out in the field with him, actually—ever saw a Drosophila pseudoobscura in its natural habitat. How did we study Drosophila in the wild? We went out into the desert, into Death Valley, we moved into a little oasis, we went first to the grocery store, and bought rotten bananas.

We mushed up the bananas with yeast till they fermented a bit, we dumped that into the paper containers, put it out in the field and the flies came to us. If I wanted to study evolutionary forces acting on some genetic polymorphism in DrosophilaI spwndrels go and look for some species of Drosophila where I could actually look at, perturb, and work with the actual breeding sites kf egg laying sites and pick up larvae in nature and so on. And in fact there is such a group of Drosophila.

They the cactophilic ones. There is a group [of scientists] from Texas and other places that studies the cactophilic Drosophila in an ecologically sensible way of going to the rot pockets and perturbing them, getting larvae out of them and so on.

They were doing what one has to do.

Plants stay in one place. You can manipulate them.

Why “The Spandrels of San Marco” isn’t a good paper | Oikos Blog

You can move them. Plants are much better than animals for studying things in nature.

I think that [there was an] all consuming interest in physical mechanisms as opposed to a more fully rounded approach. Function, History, Mechanism, Development. Are you familiar with that paper?

I wonder if you could bring us back to that point and what you saw as problematic about Sociobiology and then Evolutionary Psychology. This is what I have been talking about for the last five minutes. This is a branch of academic life that consists entirely, as far as I can see, of making up what would seem to be plausible stories.

Look, when I look at Sociobiologythe book or some of the other books he [E. Wilson] has written, it drives me mad.

It says that in the book. It lists features of human nature and aggression is one of them. So then I have said to Ed and others of his school, what do you do about people who have spent almost their entire lives in jail because they refuse to be conscripted into the army? What do you think the answer is?

That is their form of aggression. If everything can be said to be a form of aggression, even the refusal to be physically aggressive, what kind of science is that?

Would it be more acceptable to say that aggression is part of the repertoire of human behavior? Before I will allow you to make even that statement, I will insist that you write down how I know whether any particular phenotypic manifestation is or is not included in your definition of aggression.

But if you are willing to make a clear enough—and most important, and this is perhaps the fundamental contradiction, potentially there has to exist a group of cases of non-aggression. Because if everything by definition can be shown to be aggression then it ceases to be a useful concept in our scientific discussions.

The problem of explaining everything, and therefore nothing, recurs again and again. What were some of the political implications of Sociobiology that worried you?

Misuses of biology, or misuses of evolutionary reasoning—back then and are they still with us today? My main complaint is not the list of specific manifestations but the underlying claim that there exists a human nature, which then the claimant must give examples of, and so each claimant gives examples that are convenient for his or her pet theory. I think the worst thing we can do in science is to create concepts where what is included or not included within the concept is not delimited to begin with.

It allows us to claim anything. That brings us to the topic of cultural evolution, which is something that I study a lot and I think that you have thought of a lot. One of the exciting things that I think has taken place is the idea that the study of evolution became too gene-centric over the course of the 20 th century.

Evolution requires heredity, not genes, and there are other mechanisms of heredity. Culture really is an evolutionary process.

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This project implements a multi-function multimedia system that allows the user datashet sing with the music video and generate some fancy sound effects. In recent decades, multimedia becomes quite popular in our daily life.

In fact, multimedia system has existed for a long time. People enjoy the time viewing photos, listening to music, and watching movies. With the development of technology, we are able to create, modify and edit multimedia data.

Also, thanks to the emergence of the digital era, we have more tools that help us to achieve these goals.

For example, we could store the analog data in digital format to make it more robust and lasting. Besides, we are able to synthesize the data and generate some amazing effects. Our final project is to design datashheet intelligent multimedia system. This system allows dac08 to use the microphone as the analog input to speak and sing. For example, we could adjust the volume of the voice and music. Besides, we could generate the echo of our voice as if we are in a theatre.

Furthermore, since we could transform the datasheer signal into digital format, we are able to manipulate the audio data. In this project, we used several popular mathematical models in the field of Audio Signal Processing that help us to simulate specific sound effects.

The kernel of the system is controlled by the ATMega32 microcontroller, same as the one we used in the regular lab sections. The voice signal input is generated from the microphone, daasheet the music signal is generated from any music application such as a MP3 player or PC. We passed both of the audio signals through a datawheet to boost its signal strength.

The digital data can then be propagated to the microcontroller. Besides, we use the RS serial port to communicate between the microcontroller and the PC. This design allows us to transfer the music data to the PC from this multimedia system in real time.

In the microcontroller, we could capture both of the voice signal and music signal and mix them to generate special effects. The output signal can then be propagated to a digital-to-analog chip DAC to transform the digital data dwtasheet analog signal. Finally, the signal will be passed to the speaker and generate a wonderful melody. User could apply the featured effects to the voice signal via this GUI. The final project is a good experience for us to integrate all the knowledge that we gained in this course and some other related courses.

We chose this topic because we are all interested in multimedia signal processing. Also, we thought that this topic would be a good chance for us to combine our knowledge in various fields. Also, we could understand more about the analog circuit when we integrated all dattasheet hardware components.

The overall design block of this system is shows as follows. In this projectwe used two different datsaheet for our audio signal inputs: Initially both of the signals are in analog format, so we needed two analog-to-digital converters to transform the analog signal into digital format before feeding into the dxc808.

Since there is only one analog-to-digital converter embedded in ATMega32, we used the internal analog-to-digital converter for the voice channel and an external analog-to-digital converter chip ADC for the music datzsheet. The signal could dwtasheet manipulated in the microcontroller.

The signal will be propagated to the digital-to-analog converter chip DAC to be transferred into analog format. Finally, the processed signal is passed to a speaker to generate the sound.

Dac8808 provides a user-friendly graphical interface to allow the users to control the system by a mouse click. The mouse click is then turned into a command to the microcontroller via the COM Port.

There were so some minor changes we made in the system architecture while we were working on this project. Some of the changes were made since we encountered some limitation in the hardware. For example, in a common karaoke system, we need at least two channels for one voice input and one music input. However, there is only one internal analog-to-digital converter in ATMega If datasehet use it for both voice and music signals alternatively, the sample rate will be reduced to less than half of the original one.

This would lower the sound quality. In order to solve this problem, we decided to use an external analog-to-digital converter chip ADC for the music channel.

In this daatasheet, the microcontroller can sample both the voice and music signals in 8KHz in maximum concurrently which the produces a higher sound quality. Besides, initially we decided to output the processed signal to the speaker dac80 the same approach that we learned in Lab 2. Datasheet, we found that the sound quality was pretty bad since this approach used PWM mode of the microcontroller to generate an approximate signal and hence the accuracy of signal output was lowered.

To cope with this problem, we used a digital-to-analog chip DAC to transform the digital output to an analog output that makes the sound more dulcet. For the choice of user interface, we dztasheet decided to use the buttons on the STK board as the control panel. However, we found that using a PC can provide a much flexible and user-friendly control interface.

All the changes we made help improving the performance of the multimedia system on the whole. Since all of our team members are ECE MEng students, Cornell University owns all copyrights and potential, patents related to this project.

ECE Final Project

Since the ideas and implementation of our project hardware are solely our own, there should not be any trademark, patent, or copyright infringement issues. Also we used the timers to control the sampling frequency of voice and music signals as well as mixed signal output. In order to facilitate the communication between a PC and the microcontroller, we make use of the high speed serial port.

The console program configures the COM Port to run at a baud rate of The vatasheet gets the command from the graphical user interface and transmits it to the microcontroller, and at the same time receives the real time digital audio data from the microcontroller.

The Java application on top of the console program is to provide graphical user interface for the multimedia system and the useful operations such as displaying the voice waveform, recording the voice in a wave file and sending an email attached with the wave file.

The dc808 diagram demonstrates the general data flow between the microcontroller, the console program and the Java application. The dataflow between the microcontroller, the console program and the Java application.

The following is the user interface of our program. The left panel is to display the waveform of the audio signal. The right panel is effect control and volume control panel.

All the buttons on the bottom are to control the operations of the multimedia system. PC Graphical User Interface. In our multimedia system, we implemented a Graphical User Interface written in Java running on the PC to control the whole embedded system. The UART Receive Complete Interrupt is enabled to allow the program jump to the interrupt service routine to receive the command packets.

The received data is then passed to processCommandPacket to be saved into the command packet buffer. A state machine is implemented in the packet reception. The code is as follows.

There are 7 dxc808 commands the PC can send to the microcontroller. They are listed as below. The packet structure for command packet has 4 bytes. The first 2 bytes are for 16 bits command. The second 2 bytes are for 16 bits payload length of the command packet. The command packet is stored dattasheet the variable commandPacket and processed by the checkCommand function later.

The checkCommand function handles the command packet sent from the PC datassheet. The code is shown as follows. The sampled audio signal is sent to the PC in the timer interrupt. In the multimedia system, we have designed some special effects for voice processing.

Therefore we implemented a sample buffer of size bytes to store the signal samples and reuse the buffer continuously.

The implementation is as follows. Our program used the internal Analog-to-Digital Converter of ATMega32 microcontroller to obtain the voice adc808 from a microphone via an Op-Amp circuit to amplify the signal strength. The conversion rate is up to 15, samples at maximum per second. So the internal ADC suits for our system requirement.

The reference voltage is 5V. The Op-Amp circuit has a 2. Therefore, for no signal, the digital representation is theoretically But in our tests, we dac8008 that the sample data of the voice signal was in fact This is because the DC-offset is not datasheeet 2.

In the function processSignalthe following code is to get the voice signal from ADC, store the signal to a sample buffer and then start another conversion. Pin 4 of PortD is used to control the WR pin of ADC in order to command it to start another conversion by setting it to be 0 and datashert 1 immediately.

The mixed signal of voice and music signals is eventually output to PortC for digital-to-analog conversion using DAC chip and the analog output of DAC is connected to a speaker to output the signal.

The sampling rate of both voice and music is controlled by Timer0.

Clarification on Digital to analog conversion

When there is a Timer0 compare interrupt, the function processSignal is invoked to get the voice and music samples and do the selected effects. Timer1 is assigned with prescaler 8. The clock signal is equal to. The multimedia system allows the users datwsheet select preferred datssheet frequency for compare and contrast purpose. Lower sampling frequency can also be chosen to lower sample size and hence reduce the storage of the recorded data in the PC.

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These highly regarded seminars are conducted regularly in Calgary, Toronto and Montreal. We also conduct many in-house seminars.

Learn the latest technology at this hands-on, computer-aided pipe stress analysis course! If you wish to reserve a seat, you can email us at: Gain confidence in your modeling abilities; build better models faster!

Get maximum advantage from your software system! Learn the full capabilities of today’s most complete pipe stress analysis tool! March 15, Download Registration form Calgary, March October 21 – 25, Download Registration form Calgary, October Recommended Hotel for Calgary Seminars.

Each day is typically broken up into theory sessions, followed by very practical example problems that apply the theory learned. The course notes are about pages of very good reference material that you will use long after the course.

He is also the author of a McGraw-Hill text book on the subject of pipe stress analysis. Through our technical support we learn, every day, what engineers need to know, and we’ve tailored our seminar to give as much practical knowledge as we can in 5 days.

We invariably hear that the course is the very best around, both in terms of content, and practical application. Practical example Theory – Designing for expansion loads; flexibility Detailed problem solving of a more complex model, including: The instructor keeps your attention!

Excellent presentation and course. Very knowledgeable, good speaker and good teacher. I would definitely recommend this class. The instructors have mastered the course content and have combined it with good field experience.

Practical examples were used for exercises. Engineering course given by an engineer, not a salesperson or computer programmer. Good environment, comfortable relationship between staff and attendees. The course is broken down into half-day sessions, each covering a major topic. Each of these sessions include a lecture, or discussion followed by a ‘hands-on’ exercise which reinforces the session topic. The complete course lasts five days; three days for modeling and static analysis, and twodays for dynamic analysis.

Coade Pipe Stress Analysis Seminar Notes Download – depotseven

Technical Reference Course notes, which serve as a technical reference during the seminar, are provided to all attendees.

These seminar notes are always extremely well regarded as an everyday technical resource. The direct, thoughtful style in which they are written makes it easy to understand even the most technical, complex issues. From expansion joints and spring hanges to vibration and time-history analysis, the seminar course notes provide a great information notfs that you will continue to use long after the course itself.

How the Course Will Help You Personally You’ll learn problem solving principles that you will apply to real piping systems. This means learning how to correctly answer questions like: How the Course Will Benefit Your Company You’ll learn to analyze problems that, until now, had to be sent outside the company to “specialists”. You’ll save time by learning to solve potential pipe stress problems more accurately and more semnar. You’ll save your company money by helping them keep more jobs in-house, provide more accurate cost estimates, and save future re-designs by having a better system from inception.

You’ll give your company that all-important competitive edgy it needs in today’s marketplace. Almost anyone involved with pipiing in the petroleum, chemical, power, gas transmission and related industries can benefit analhsis this up-to-date, information-packed short course, whether they use other pipe stress programs – or don’t use any!

Pipe Stress Analysis (Seminar Notes)

Our expertise in piping system design, trouble-shooting and software support allows us to provide an effective approach to training engineers in the use of software as an engineering tool. How to Register Class size is limited, and courses usually sell out. We recommend that you call to reserve your seat as early as possible.

We will confirm your reservation once we receive by mail, fax, or e-mail the completed registration form. You will receive strees written acknowledgment of your reservation in return. A cheque or Purchase Order number will complete your reservation. Payment must be received within one week of the start of the course. Cost The seminar has 3 options: Accommodations Seminar attendees are responsible for their own hotel, transportation arrangements and parking.

Cancellations Cancellations will be accepted, without charge, up to two weeks prior to the beginning of the course. Course Program The entire course includes five days of training, which are broken down pipr two sessions, Statics and Dynamics. Registration is available for either or both of these sessions. Attendees are responsible for their own hotel and transportation srress.

Seminar price includes continental breakfast and lunch daily, plus snacks and refreshments. Additonal charges incurred are responsibility of the attendee.

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The Nokia MCC (Metro Core Connect) has an integrated Service View all Alcatel-Lucent & Nokia products Request quote for MCC equipment. 36 – 6 GENERAL ON ALCATEL–LUCENT CUSTOMER DOCUMENTATION. MCC scenario 10G Submarine MCC G 10GE 3AG BEAA. offers 4 alcatel mcc products. Alcatel MCC Metro Core Connect Alcatel MCC Alcatel-Lucent MCC. US $ / Piece.

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JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Welcome to our online store! Alcafel the first to review this product.

Email to a Friend. Please select your item s and preferred method, and the system will generate a rate for your purchase. When purchasing and shipping multiple items, we recommend that you contact our logistics department to insure that the most economical solution is afforded to your purchase.

Alcatel-Lucent MCC

Lucennt system does not aggregate and discount multiple orders. Digitechx offers a standard 90 day replacement warranty for all of its products unless otherwise noted. We will either replace your defective item or refund your purchase within 10 days of receipt at our logistics facility. We will conduct an exhaustive testing to confirm the defect and once approved we will issue a refund. Because of the nature of the secondary market, we are aware that equipment can fail within the warranty period.

It is our goal to mitigate this proclivity with a replacement policy. We do not cover however, negligent practices during the installation process, improper handling or storage procedures of this static sensitive equipment.

No return of any type will be accepted without a valid RMA number. If you have any questions regarding Digitechx products, please contact our Customer Service team.

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Product Tags Add Your Tags: Returns Digitechx offers a standard 90 day replacement warranty for all of its products unless lhcent noted. Contact Us If you have any questions regarding Digitechx products, please contact our Luent Service team. Our price is lower than the manufacturer’s “minimum advertised price.

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Unfair Advantage has ratings and 96 reviews. Michael said: I really enjoy reading Kiyosaki. He’s a great motivator and a money making genius. The f. The Paperback of the Unfair Advantage: The Power of Financial Education by Robert T. Kiyosaki at Barnes & Noble. FREE Shipping on $ One of the major aspects discussed in the book “Unfair Advantage” is that, debtors are considered to be winning while servers looses.

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Personal-finance author and lecturer Robert Kiyosaki shares his unique economic perspective gained from two disparate influences: The lifelong monetary problems of his “poor dad” pounded home the counterpoint communicated by his “rich dad”, that “the poor and the middle class work for money,” but “the rich have money work for them.

This work will reveal why some people work less, kiyoaki more, pay less in taxes, and feel more financially secure than others. In the world of money there are two mindsets, those that see scarcity and need security, and those who see abundance and thrive on financial adventure — the mindset of the employee or hnfair, and the mindset of the business owner or professional investor. Become the ultimate investor. End those fears that keep you up at jiyosaki regarding the financial choices you make.

By reading Rich Dad’s basic rules of investing, you can reduce your investment risk and convert your earned income into passive and portfolio income.

That means you keep more of your income-not the government. It offers no guarantees, just as Advantagee Kiyosaki’s rich dad offered him no guarantees, only guidance. But if you’re interested in the inside look at an entrepreneur’s financial plan to be rich, this is the book for you.

Unfair Advantage: The Power of Financial Education

Do you want your children to have a financial head start in life? Are you willing to take an active role to make that happen?

At school, your children learn many valuable concepts, yet they are rarely taught anything about finances. Imagine if you had been taught about money and, more specifically, about what the rich know about money – that the way to wealth is through cash flowing assets. For a kid, these financial lessons, and others, are vital to their future financial well-being. But more than that, it gives your child the right context in which to view money from a very early age, and places them on the right financial footing for a secure future.

Why do the rich get richer even in a financial crisis? In his new book the bestselling author of ” Rich Dad Poor Dad ” confirms his message and challenges readers to change their context and act in a new way. In this timely new book, Robert Kiyosaki takes a new and hard-hitting look at the factors that impact people from all walks of life as they struggle to cope with change and challenges that impact their financial world.

In ” An Unfair Advantage: The Power of Financial Education “, Robert underscores his messages and challenges readers to change their context and act in a new way. Readers are advised to stop blindly accepting that they are “disadvantaged” people with limited options and challenge the preconception that they will kiyosakl financially all of their lives.

Robert’s fresh approach to his time-tested messages includes clear, actionable steps that any individual or family can take, starting with education.

Education becomes applied knowledge, a powerful tactic with measurable results. In true “Rich Dad” style, readers will be challenged to understand two points of view, and experience how financial knowledge is their unfair advantage.


The little-known truth is that only one group can bring our world back to prosperity: For women who have a vision for what they want in life and are willing to do what it takes to turn that vision into a reality. Kim’s own unique style has won over friends and fans all over the world. In her new book, she explains what it really takes to go from wherever you are financially today to where you want to be.

Kim will share candid stories from women and men who have been through the good, the bad, and the ridiculous—and the lessons they learned. Why a new book from Kim in these unsettling economic times? Are your financial plans on the fast track or the slow track? If you are like most, retiring early sounds great; more time to do what really interests you. To get on the fast track, you need to leverage your mind, your plan and your actions.

In “Retire Young Retire Rich”Kiyosaki details how he and his wife Kim achieved financial freedom in less than ten years. More importantly, he shows how a context shift in your mind allows you to create a plan that formulates the actions necessary for your financial freedom. The 8 New Rules of Money” – a free online book which was written in serial basis to help people understand how the current recession came about, and what they need to learn on how to survive through the coming rough years.

For years, Robert Kiyosaki has firmly believed that the best investment one can ever make is in taking the time to truly understand how one’s finances work. Too many people are much more interested in the quick-hitting scheme, or trying to find a short-cut to real wealth.

As Kiyosaki has preached over and over again, one has to truly understand the process of how money works before one can start out on trying to escape the daily financial Rat Race. Derribar el mito de que usted necesita tener ingresos elevados para hacerse rico. When it comes to money, men and women are different. Kim Kiyosaki has just released her latest book, Happiness: Empowerment and Freedom through Entrepreneurship.

Thousands of books have been written on the topic of happiness — some providing useful points but most providing quick, hollow platitudes.

Unfair Advantage: The Power of Financial Education by Robert T. Kiyosaki

She shapes the context that financial independence allows people to freely enjoy what truly makes them happy. Kim describes the specific steps women can take for personal fulfillment and financial independence. Close the book on how you read one. Enhance your reading with Rich Dad’s eBooks Choose from our catalog of best-selling books in multiple eReader formats. Robert Kiyosaki Personal-finance author and lecturer Robert Kiyosaki shares his unique economic perspective gained from two disparate influences: Robert Kiyosaki This work will reveal why some people work less, earn more, pay less in taxes, and feel more financially secure than others.

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Padre Rico Padre Pobre Author: Here are some eye-opening statistics: Happiness Empowerment and freedom through entrepreneurship Author: Kim Kiyosaki Kim Kiyosaki has just released her latest book, Happiness: Join Our Community —1.

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Inspiration Behind Harper’s Character Watch today’s video to see what TV series heroine inspired Harper in Beautiful Demons: I hope you. Editorial Reviews. Review. Praise for the Peachville High Demons series: “You will be begging Twitter Pinterest. Kindle App Ad. Look inside this book. Beautiful Demons (The Shadow Demons Saga Book 1) by [Cannon, Sarra] . : Beautiful Demons (The Shadow Demons Saga) (Volume 1) ( ): Sarra Cannon: Books.

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In my novels, there are certain themes and situations I have explored several times.

Things like the outcasts versus the popular canonn. What happens when something happens that turns your world upside down, like a car accident or a fire?

Like most writers, I draw from my own experiences with certain things, and the whole popular girl theme is … [Read more I’m excited to have a new video blog for you today! Now that I’m back to working on Book 10 of the Shadow Demons Saga full time, I wanted to talk about the original inspiration behind Beautiful Demons and Harper’s character.

I hope you enjoyed this peek inside my goals for the week and the inspiration for Harper’s character. Seriously, if you … dannon more Happy Book Birthday to Beautiful Demons!!!! It was exactly six years ago today that my very first novel was published.

I was excited and so in love with Harper and the story I had created, but I had no idea that Beautiful Demons would resonate with so many people! My first full month, I sold something like 59 copies of that first book, and I was on cloud nine! Someone was reading my book!!

Of course, I knew back then that it was mostly friends and family, but I didn’t care. I had done … [Read bwautiful I know it’s been way too long since I posted, but I’m still getting settled into my new house in South Carolina and I’m busy working on the final edits for Sorrow’s Gift. I wanted to take a moment today and let you know about two amazing deals going on today and for a limited time.

Beautiful Demons by Sarra Cannon – FictionDB

If you haven’t read the first book in this series, you are missing out. Especially if you love YA … [Read more Here’s what you get: I’m very excited to announce that Beautiful Demons, as of this morning, is now free on Amazon Kindle! I know a lot of you who read this blog have already read all of my books in the Peachville High Demons series, but if you could help spread the word about this free ebook, maybe you can help me find even more fans and readers for the series!

Beautiful Demons free on Amazon. If you want to take a second to post this link on your facebook page, here is a direct link to the … [Read more Storytelling is my passion.

I’m obsessed with making up new worlds and magic systems, putting fun twists on old ideas, and keeping my readers turning pages late into the night. Part 1 Sacrifice Me, Season Two: Find me on Facebook Sarra Cannon.

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